4 Important Things Everyone Must Know About Heartburn

When many people hear the word, heartburn, for the first time, they tend to assume that it is related to the heart, which is far from the truth. Many people have experienced heartburn on at least one occasion. You know that burning sensation in the chest; you get it after eating, in the evenings, or when lying down. That is what is called heartburn. In fact, it is estimated that almost half of Americans have had heartburn at least once in their lifetime, which means you definitely know someone who has had heartburn. Heartburn is usually caused by the reflux of gastric (stomach) acid into the esophagus — a tube that connects your throat to your stomach.

Heartburn Can Mimic A Heart Attack

The burning sensation associated with heartburn occurs right in front of the heart, which is located in the middle of your chest, slightly deviated to the left in most people, and so, many confuse it with a heart attack. Is it a heart attack or a heartburn? Heartburn is burning in nature, and may sometimes radiate to the throat and neck. In contrast, a heart attack or what doctors call ischemic heart disease, feels like a tightness, or squeezing in the center, or left side of the chest, and may be associated with pain dull in nature, which often radiates into the left arm, the right side of the chest, the right arm, or the back of the neck. A heart attack can destroy the heart within minutes, or even kill, so whenever in doubt, call an ambulance.

Common Causes of Heartburn

At the end of the esophagus, is the lower esophageal sphincter (LES), which acts like a door, which opens and closes just to let food into your stomach. When this door becomes weak, gastric acid can move up the esophagus, causing heartburn. A common condition which causes this problem is hiatal hernia, which occurs when the upper part of the stomach moves into the chest. Pregnancy can push the stomach up, causing this problem. Besides pregnancy, obesity, frequent coughing, straining, and vomiting can also push the stomach into the chest, weakening the door to your stomach and thereby allowing gastric acid to move up.

Home Made Remedies May Be All You Need

Most cases of heartburn aren’t so severe, and can therefore be treated using simple homemade recipes. As we said, heartburn is caused by stomach acid moving up, so drinking a glass of water may just be all that is needed. Drinking water about half an hour before eating can help greatly, and even lubricate the esophagus. Besides water, peppermint tea also makes an extremely effective remedy. Also, raw carrots, and paradoxically ginger, which has a burning sensation in the mouth, are effective home remedies which calm the heartburn in your chest.

You May Need Prescription Drugs or Surgery

Sometimes, you need more than ordinary homemade remedies in order to cure your heartburn. When the homemade remedies fail consult your doctor, who may conduct some tests, and depending on the results may prescribe drugs, or even perform surgery just to relieve your heartburn. The most common prescription medication for heartburn is an antacid, which neutralizes gastric acid. Your doctor may even ask you to go for an endoscopy, which is nothing but a procedure in which a tube is pushed through your mouth to look at your esophagus, stomach, and upper part of your duodenum.

You now have more than enough information about heartburn, why it occurs, and also how you can treat it. Heartburn shouldn’t be a problem for you any longer. Don’t ever let heartburn control you, or ruin your life.

Cancer, Types, Causes, Effects And Solution

Cancer is the growth of uncontrolled and abnormal cells at any point in the body with the ability to spread to other part of the body. These is different with benign tumors, which do not spread to other parts of the body.
Cancer is the second-leading cause of death in the world. But survival rates are high this day, thanks to improvement in cancer screening and treatments. There are over 200 types of cancer.

Cancer occur in different types, cancer are divided into various types base on it’s origin in the human body, the main types are;
* Carcinoma is the common type of cancer, this type of cancer begins in the skin or tissue covering the surface of internal organs and glands. It usually form solid tumors. Carcinoma are most common types of cancer. Examples are prostrate, breast, lung and colorectal cancer.
* Sarcomas start in the tissues that connect and support the body. It can develop in fat, muscle, nerves, tendons, joints, blood vessels, lymph vessels, cartilage or bone.
* Leukemias are cancer of the blood. Leukemia occur when healthy blood cells start changing and growing uncontrollably. Four main type of leukemia are acute lymphocyte leukemia, chronic lymphocyte leukemia, acute myeloid leukemia and chronic myeloid leukemia.
* Lymphomas is a type of cancer that starts in the lymphatic system. The lymphatic system is the connection of glands and vessels that help in fighting infection. We have two main types of lymphomas: Hodgkin lymphoma and non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
Cancer can occur in many types that can be learned, there are over 200 of them.

Cancer can spread to various parts of the body through blood streams, lymph node which is the first place it spread to, during metastasis cancer cells grow and may develop into new tumors or cancer.

Cancer can be caused by several factors which may include inherited genetic defects, infections, environmental factors such as air pollution, poor lifestyle choices such as smoking and heavy alcohol drinking can cause damage to DNA and lead to cancer. When a cell fails to repair DNA damage, it undergoes so-called programmed cell death. Cancer occurs when cells grow, divide and spread abnormally instead of self destruction normally.

Risk factors of cancer include Age(65+), Drinking Alcohol heavily, Sun/Radiation exposure, Obesity, Unsafe Sex, Family History, Environment( being exposed to chemicals, smoke or radiation and so on.

Hence, effects of cancer include pain having cancer or during treatments, fatigue having cancer or during treatment, breathing difficulty during treatment, nausea having cancer or during treatment(medication available), diarrhea or constipation, weight loss, chemical changes in your body, brain and nervous system problems, unusual immune system reaction to cancer, cancer that spread, cancer that returns and so on.

Cancer can be prevented by stooping smoking, avoiding excessive sunlight exposure, eating a healthy diet, exercising steadily, maintaining a healthy weight, moderate alcohol drinking, going for cancer screening and asking your doctor for immunization.

Finally, cancer can be solved or treated depending on the type or stage of cancer. In some people diagnosis and treatment can occur at the same time if the cancer is surgically removed. Cancer treatment can be received by one or more of the following components which are surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy or a combination of two or three of these treatments. There are medications that help in suppressing the pains and symptoms of cancer.